kurukh
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Kurukh a member of the North Dravidian subfamily of Dravidian languages, spoken by some 1.8 million people of the Oraon tribes of the Chota Nagpur plateau of east-central India. It is also spoken in parts of Bangladesh. Lacking a written tradition, Kurukh is documented only since the European colonization of India, and in many areas it is being displaced by the Hindi language.

Kurukh

Population 2,053,000 in India (1997). Population includes 1,834,000 Oraon, 219,000 Kisan.
Region Bihar; Chhattisgarh, Raigarh, Surguja districts; Jharkhand Ranchi District; West Bengal, Jalpaigiri District; Orissa, Sundargarh District; Assam; Tripura. Also spoken in Bangladesh.
Alternate names   Uraon, Kurukh, Kunrukh, Kadukali, Kurka, Oraon, Urang, Kisan, Kunha, Kunhar, Kunuk, Kunna, Kuda, Kora, Koda, Kola, Morva, Birhor
Dialects Oraon, Kisan. Kisan and Oraon have 73% intelligibility. Oraon becoming standardized. Related to Malto. Different from Nepali Kurux.
Classification Dravidian, Northern
Language development Literacy rate in first language: 23% Oraon, 17% Kisan. Devanagari script. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 2000.
Comments Kisan and Oraon are Scheduled Tribes in India.

Also spoken in:

Bangladesh

Language name   Kurux
Alternate names   Kurukh, Uraon, Oraoan

 

 

HELLO

Mojra Nandan 

HOW  ARE YOU

Neen eka se radai

YES

hae

I'M  WELL

Dao ra dan

GOOD

dao

AND  YOU

Dara neen

THANK YOU

Bahmee nandan

NO

mala

MORNING

pairee

EVENING

putbeeri

  NIGHT

maakha

ENOUGH

hooram

 

 

ARE YOU AN ORAON

Neen kurukhar hikdar

 

Neem kurukhar hikdar (pl)

DO YOU SPEAK KURUKH

Neen kurukh kasnakharday ka mala

 

 

I UNDERSTAND "SOME" KURUKH

en katik Kurukh bujurdhan

Counting

Lekhna

Zero

Nidi

ONE

Ond

TWO

Eand

THREE

Mund

FOUR

Nach

FIVE

Panchee

SIX

Soyye

SEVEN

Say

EIGHT

Aakh

NINE

Nay

TEN

Doye

Eleven 

Doye Ond 

Twelve

Doye Eand

Thirteen

Doye…….

Twenty

Endi

Twenty one

…………..try it

Thirty

Mundi

Fourty

Nachdi

Fifty

Pandi

Sixty

Soyyedi

Seventy

Saydi

Eighty

Aachdi

Ninty

Naydi

Hundred

Oddi

Thousand

Loddi

Ten Thousand

Doye Loddi

Lakh

Soddi

135

Ond oddi Mundi panchee

4255

Nach loddi eand oddi pandi panchee

5678

…………..try it

Paddy

Xess / (Khess)

RICE

Tikhil

 Cooked rice

Mandi 

MEAT

ahdaa

 

 

CAKE , SWEET

Gorgora, Tini 

I'M HUNGRY

engan keeda lag aalee

I'M GOING TO EAT

en mokha kaadan

(I am going to eat -In case of rice)

En madi Onna kaalagdan

I HAVE EATEN

En Onndkan (rice)/  En Mokhkan

I WILL EAT LATER

En Khokha Onnon/ (Mokhon) 

I'M EATING

En Onna Lagdan/(Mokhalagdan) 

HE  \  SHE IS EATING

Aas Onna Lagdas (male)

Aad Onna lage(female) 

THEY ARE EATING

Aar onna lagnar 

DO YOU WANT TO EAT

Neen onnoy/ (mokhoy) 

HE  \  SHE WILL EAT

Aas Onnos/Mokhos (male)

Aad Onno/Mokho(female) 

WHAT AM I EATING

Aen endra mookha lagdan 

YOU EAT

Neen Mookha 

WHAT ARE WE EATING

Em endra mokha lagdam 

 

 

MAN

Alas 

MEN

 Aler/Meter

WOMAN

 Ali/Mukka

WOMEN

 Mukker

BOY

 Kokkos

BOYS

 Kokker

GIRL

 Kukoe

GIRLS

 Kukoer

Young Boy

Jokhas (Jokhar Plural)

Young Girl

Pello (Pellor Pl.)

FATHER

Babas/Bangas 

MOTHER

Ayo/ Ayang 

GRANDFATHER

Ajjos (Paternal) Nanas (Maternal)

GRANDMOTHER

Ajji(Paternal) Nani (Maternal)

Contributed by A. K. Baxla, New Delhi